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State of New Mexico

Judicial Selection in the States: New Mexico

Overview

News

The West Virginia Senate approved two big changes to the state s judiciary yesterday Judicial Budget Oversight Amendment SJR 3 as approved addresses funding for...

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Over the last several years bills have been introduced in the Rhode Island House to mandate more diversity in the state s courts (see here...

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A plan to give legislative leaders picks on the state s judicial nominating commissions, at the expense of the governor, cleared its first legislative hurdle...

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Courtesy of the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of...

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The New Mexico judiciary consists of a supreme court, a court of appeals, a district court, and various trial courts of limited jurisdiction. New Mexico judges were originally chosen in partisan elections, but in 1988, voters approved a constitutional amendment creating a hybrid system of judicial selection that includes merit selection, partisan elections, and retention elections. When a judicial vacancy occurs, the appropriate nominating commission recommends qualified candidates to the governor, and the governor makes an appointment. At the next general election, a contested partisan election is held to fill the seat for the remainder of the term. The successful candidate runs in retention elections thereafter. The threshold for retention is higher in New Mexico than in most other states; judges must receive at least 57% in affirmative votes to be retained.