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State of Florida

Methods of Judicial Selection: Florida

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

County Court
Jurisdiction: misdemeanors; small claims < $500; civil cases < $15,000; traffic cases
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election*
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: qualified elector; circuit resident; admitted to practice law in state 5 yrs;** mandatory retirement age of 70

*The voters in each county may exercise a local option for merit selection and retention of county court judges. A county may initiate the local option by filing with the secretary of state a petition signed by a number of voters equal to at least 10% of the votes cast in the county in the most recent presidential election. The measure must then be approved by a majority of county voters.

**In counties with populations of 40,000 or less, the five-year requirement is waived.