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State of New Jersey

Methods of Judicial Selection: New Jersey

Removal of Judges

New Jersey judges may be removed in one of three ways:
  • Removal proceedings against judges may be instigated by a majority of either house, by the governor filing a complaint with the supreme court, or by the supreme court on its own motion. The supreme court maintains an advisory committee on judicial conduct composed of private citizens appointed by the court. The committee reviews all allegations of misconduct and either dismisses the charges or recommends a formal hearing. Based upon the hearing, judges may be reprimanded, censured and suspended without pay, or removed from office.

  • Judges may be impeached by a majority vote of all members of the general assembly and removed by a two-thirds vote of the senate.

  • When the supreme court certifies to the governor that a judge is so incapacitated that s/he cannot substantially perform his/her judicial duties, a three-person commission is appointed to look into the matter. Upon the commission's recommendation, the governor may retire the judge from office.