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State of California

History of Reform Efforts: California

Altering Selection Methods

Selection method and term lengths for California judges are prescribed in the state's constitution. Thus, any changes must occur through constitutional amendment. Amendments may be proposed with the concurrence of two thirds of the members of both houses of the legislature. Amendments may also be proposed by an initiative petition signed by voters equal in number to at least 8% of votes cast in the last gubernatorial election. Amendments must be ratified by a majority of voters.