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State of Indiana

History of Reform Efforts: Indiana

Formal Changes Since Inception

1816
Supreme court justices appointed by the governor with senate consent to seven-year terms. "Presidents" of the circuit court appointed by the general assembly, and associate judges elected by the people, to seven-year terms.

1851
All judges elected by the people to six-year terms.

1871
Superior court judges elected by the people to four-year terms.

1881
Criminal court judges elected by the people to four-year terms.

1891
Appellate court created by the general assembly. Judges elected by the people to four-year terms.

1970
The judicial article was amended to establish three constitutional courts: the supreme court, the court of appeals, and the circuit court. Appellate court judges would be appointed by the governor from a list of candidates submitted by a judicial nominating commission and would retain their seats in retention elections. Appellate court judges would serve ten-year terms. Circuit court judges would be chosen in partisan elections and would serve six-year terms. The amendment took effect in 1972.

1986
Tax court created by the general assembly. Judges chosen through the same process as appellate court judges, i.e., merit selection.